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HYFORUM 2003 in Beijing

Hyforum Beijing 2003 - Plakat

The International Hydrogen Energy Forum 2003

The Clean Energy and Clean Mobility Accord of Policy Makers, Entrepreneurs and Technologists

A Programmatic Preview

The Prerequisits

At the dawn of the 21st century the basic understanding is:

  • The human world population growth is real.

·        The world energy demand increase is real

·        Environmental and still unabated climate change risks are real. Carbonaceous fuels are the predominant cause for concern.

·        The continuous change in the energy mix’ composition is real. Modern anthropogenic energy is 250 years old. Never only one energy was utilized, never a new energy replaced fully its predecessors. The increasing supply demand needed them all.

·        After the first solar civilisation which lasted well into the 18th century, after coal in the 19th, mineral oil, natural gas and nuclear fission in the 20th century, plausibilities point at the 21st century as the century of energy efficiency and, above all, exergy efficiency, of all sorts of renewable energies and of the secondary energy carrier hydrogen as the storage and transportation means of otherwise not storable and not transportable renewable energies, and the clean on-board fuel in the automotive sectors.

·        The automobil is 100 years old, and the automotive markets are still going strong, growth rates of up to 10% annually are not too far fetched. The strive for mobility of a growing share of the world population is the powerful incentive.

·        Energy and mobility sustainability are far away. If the 22nd century is to become the first century of fully sustainable energy utility and mobility markets, then its HYtime (HYdrogen) to start decarbonization and hydrogenation and, thus, dematerialization of the energy mix. The process is already on its way, it needs decisive perpetuation: Historically, from coal to mineral oil to natural gas and further to hydrogen the relative atomic hydrogen/carbon ratios are <1 : 2 : 4 : ∞. Hydrogen is carbon free, it is unable to contribute to the Greenhouse effect.

·        Hydrogen is nothing new. Since 150 years it serves as feedstock in the chemical industry, as hydrogenation agent in the petroleum industry, as cleansing agent in the electronics or glas industries, as an effective coolant in electrical generators or as an extremely energy intensive propellant in the space launch business. Annually, some 700 to 800 billion normalcubicmeters are traded worldwide in gaseous or liquefied form.

·        At the front end of its energy conversion chain, hydrogen is produced from fossil fuels where so far inexperienced sequestration of co-produced carbon dioxide is urgent, or by electrolytic water splitting in those world regions where electricity is inexpensive. In future, production of solar hydrogen from all sorts of renewable energies is envisaged.

At its back end, the hydrogen energy conversion chain is almost fully operationalized. Turbines, compressors, storages of any kind, pipelines will be complemented by the portable, stationary, or mobile fuel cells, William Grove’s nonCarnotian energy converter which is independent of  intermittend high temperature heat production and, thus on principle, delivers electricity more efficient.

A Glance on HYFORUM 2000

·        HYFORUM 2000, The International Hydrogen Energy Forum 2000  -  Policy, Business, Technology, Munich, Germany was a great success. International opinion leaders from the policy, business, and technology arenas discussed hydrogen rich compounds or hydrogen not only, and this is the core of the HYFORUM idea, from a technology standpoint of view, but also, and predominantly, from entrepreneurial perspectives, from political obligations with respect to energy security, environmental hazards and climate change risk abatement necessities, and, not least, from bankability or insureability views.

·        Briefly, the HYFORUM 2000 outcomes were:

-         Energy and mobility sustainability without hydrogen is irrational.

-         The upcoming hydrogen energy economy is by far not an illusion, but a realistic vision. The vision, however, needs actions in order to prevent it from degrading to becoming illusive.

-         Truly, the hydrogen energy economy is, like energy in general, like mobility or transportation, an international challenge, rather than a national one.

-         TES – The Future Transport Fuel Energy Strategy is considered an excellent example for an interdisciplinary, national initiative with an inbuilt strive for internationalization. Some 80 future fuels have been boiled down in the meantime to merely three, natural gas, methanol, hydrogen.

-         The hydrogen technologies are on-hand, or are reasonably expected to be on-hand, soon. Storage and sequestration of CO2 are still of concern.

-         The hydrogen infrastructure needs inprovement and built-up. Where we stand, is nicely exemplefied by recalling that in 1922 the first public gasoline filling station was opened in Germany, and in 1999 the first two hydrogen stations have been put into operation in Hamburg and Munich.

-         The banking sector sees not really an obstacle in financing the turn-over from the fossil energy era to the perspective hydrogen energy economy. In its final stage of realization in, say, not much less than half a century of time, the fully completed hydrogen energy economy will have required trillions rather than billions.

-         Hydrogen energy is insureable; the risks are considered of being not higher than the risks the insurers face today. On a long run, it seems even possible that risks become smaller, since the anthropogenic influence on the Greenhouse shrinks.

-         Absolute prereqisitional is an international accord on climate change abatement measures. Policy makers and regulators have to agree on binding agreements, at least in a first approach those policy makers and regulators in the industrial world. Industry can not be expected to commit on extraordinary investments without being on safe grounds.

HYFORUM 2003

HYFORUM 2003 comprises of a 3-4-day-meeting with a hydrogen exhibition and a Young HYFORUM 2003 in parallel.

-         Day One: The International Hydrogen Policy Day

 

Top international policy makers and regulators tell us which political steps are taken/are to be taken and which in time in order to encourage sustainable growth whilest at the same time cleaning up the environment and avoiding climate change risks.

High ranking entrepreneurs deliver an insight into their objectives of installing an operable hydrogen infrastructure and manufacturing nd marketing hydrogen vehicles or stationary hydrogen energy converters.

World bankers and insurers extend their views of financing the turn-over to the hydrogen energy economy and emphasize the growing return margines of clean energy or clean mobility assets.

Finally, chief science representation brings the arguments why energy sustainability without hydrogen is irrational.

-         Day Two: The International Hydrogen Technologies Day

Along the lines of TES – The Future Fuel Energy Strategy the complete hydrogen energy conversion chain will be covered link by link.

The petroleum industry and the technical gases industry describe their provisions to produce hydrogen, store it, transport it, and deliver it to the customer, securely and safely.

The energy industry brings their objectives of designing and operating virtuel power stations utilizing hydrogen. Here, the fuel cell will be at the forefront.

The automotive industry tells us which fuel to utilize on board, which corverter to be prefered, with or without on board reforming.

Science representation puts hydrogen into the context of the 2. Law of Thermodynamics, argues in terms of eco-efficiences, and describes optimized hydrogen introduction schemes, timely, financially, commercially, and socially  -  in short, sustainably.

-         Day Three: The Hydrogen Energy Economy Actions Day

Three workshops draft, design, and agree upon actions to be taken nationally and internationally, entrepreneurially, and in R, D &D to be submitted to national and international bodies.

The HYFORUM 2003 grand finale concludes the meeting with a round table where the heads of the workshops put their findings on the hydrogen energy economy actions together, for documentation, publication, and desemination worldwide.

If the hydrogen energy economy comes true eventually, profitable clean energy utilities and profitable clean mobility markets will be in operation which utilizes an energy carrier which is of light weight, uses for its production common fossil fuels with sequestration of co-produced CO2 or, on the long run, the light of the sun (and other renewable sources), lightens the burden on environment and climate, and sheds light into the sustainable energy and mobility future: The era-of-light.

 

The Organisational Scheme of HYFORUM 2003

·        The President of the IAHE is the Honorary Chairman

·        The German Federal Chancellor and his colleague from the host country are the Patrons.

·        An international Honorary Board and an international Programme Committee will be formed.

·        The Science Programme Chair takes the general responsibility; it consists of one high ranking representative of the major entities concerned, automaking, petroleum industry, banking, and the Vice-President of the IAHE as the HYFORUM coordinator.

·        The Forum fuer Zukunftsenergien, Berlin will be awarded the management and organization contract; it will be supported by a local organizer of the host country.

·        The Forum fuer Zukunftsenergien is asked to submit the HYFORUM 2003 financial plan, the sponsoring scheme, and the time schedule in a “HYFORUM 2003 Business Plan”. 

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Programm HyForum

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