HYFORUM 2003 in
International Hydrogen Energy Forum 2003
Clean Energy and Clean Mobility Accord of Policy Makers, Entrepreneurs and
the dawn of the 21st century the basic understanding is:
The world energy demand
increase is real
Environmental and still
unabated climate change risks are real. Carbonaceous fuels are the
predominant cause for concern.
The continuous change in
the energy mix’ composition is real. Modern anthropogenic energy is 250
years old. Never only one energy was utilized, never a new energy replaced
fully its predecessors. The increasing supply demand needed them all.
After the first solar
civilisation which lasted well into the 18th century, after
coal in the 19th, mineral oil, natural gas and nuclear fission
in the 20th century, plausibilities point at the 21st
century as the century of energy efficiency and, above all, exergy
efficiency, of all sorts of renewable energies and of the secondary energy
carrier hydrogen as the storage and transportation means of otherwise not
storable and not transportable renewable energies, and the clean on-board
fuel in the automotive sectors.
The automobil is 100 years
old, and the automotive markets are still going strong, growth rates of up
to 10% annually are not too far fetched. The strive for mobility of a
growing share of the world population is the powerful incentive.
Energy and mobility
sustainability are far away. If the 22nd century is to become
the first century of fully sustainable energy utility and mobility markets,
then its HYtime (HYdrogen) to start decarbonization and hydrogenation and,
thus, dematerialization of the energy mix. The process is already on its
way, it needs decisive perpetuation: Historically, from coal to mineral
oil to natural gas and further to hydrogen the
relative atomic hydrogen/carbon ratios are <1 : 2 : 4 : ∞.
Hydrogen is carbon free, it is unable to contribute to the Greenhouse
Hydrogen is nothing new.
Since 150 years it serves as feedstock in the chemical industry, as
hydrogenation agent in the petroleum industry, as cleansing agent in the
electronics or glas industries, as an effective coolant in electrical
generators or as an extremely energy intensive propellant in the space
launch business. Annually, some 700 to 800 billion normalcubicmeters are
traded worldwide in gaseous or liquefied form.
At the front end of its
energy conversion chain, hydrogen is produced from fossil fuels where so
far inexperienced sequestration of co-produced carbon dioxide is urgent,
or by electrolytic water splitting in those world regions where
electricity is inexpensive. In future, production of solar hydrogen from
all sorts of renewable energies is envisaged.
its back end, the hydrogen energy conversion chain is almost fully
operationalized. Turbines, compressors, storages of any kind, pipelines
will be complemented by the portable, stationary, or mobile fuel cells,
William Grove’s nonCarnotian energy converter which is independent of
intermittend high temperature heat production and, thus on
principle, delivers electricity more efficient.
Glance on HYFORUM 2000
HYFORUM 2000, The International Hydrogen Energy
Forum 2000 -
Policy, Business, Technology, Munich, Germany was a great success.
International opinion leaders from the policy, business, and technology
arenas discussed hydrogen rich compounds or hydrogen not only, and this is
the core of the HYFORUM idea, from a technology standpoint of view, but
also, and predominantly, from entrepreneurial perspectives, from political
obligations with respect to energy security, environmental hazards and
climate change risk abatement necessities, and, not least, from
bankability or insureability views.
HYFORUM 2000 outcomes were:
Energy and mobility sustainability without hydrogen
The upcoming hydrogen energy economy is by far not
an illusion, but a realistic vision. The vision, however, needs actions in
order to prevent it from degrading to becoming illusive.
Truly, the hydrogen energy economy is, like energy
in general, like mobility or transportation, an international challenge,
rather than a national one.
TES – The Future Transport Fuel Energy Strategy
is considered an excellent example for an interdisciplinary, national
initiative with an inbuilt strive for internationalization. Some 80 future
fuels have been boiled down in the meantime to merely three, natural gas,
The hydrogen technologies are on-hand, or are
reasonably expected to be on-hand, soon. Storage and sequestration of CO2
are still of concern.
The hydrogen infrastructure needs inprovement and
built-up. Where we stand, is nicely exemplefied by recalling that in 1922
the first public gasoline filling station was opened in Germany, and in
1999 the first two hydrogen stations have been put into operation in
Hamburg and Munich.
The banking sector sees not really an obstacle in
financing the turn-over from the fossil energy era to the perspective
hydrogen energy economy. In its final stage of realization in, say, not
much less than half a century of time, the fully completed hydrogen energy
economy will have required trillions rather than billions.
Hydrogen energy is insureable; the risks are
considered of being not higher than the risks the insurers face today. On
a long run, it seems even possible that risks become smaller, since the
anthropogenic influence on the Greenhouse shrinks.
Absolute prereqisitional is an international accord
on climate change abatement measures. Policy makers and regulators have to
agree on binding agreements, at least in a first approach those policy
makers and regulators in the industrial world. Industry can not be
expected to commit on extraordinary investments without being on safe
2003 comprises of a 3-4-day-meeting with a hydrogen exhibition and a Young
HYFORUM 2003 in parallel.
One: The International Hydrogen Policy Day
Top international policy makers and regulators tell us which
political steps are taken/are to be taken and which in time in order to
encourage sustainable growth whilest at the same time cleaning up the
environment and avoiding climate change risks.
High ranking entrepreneurs deliver an insight into their objectives
of installing an operable hydrogen infrastructure and manufacturing nd
marketing hydrogen vehicles or stationary hydrogen energy converters.
World bankers and insurers extend their views of financing the
turn-over to the hydrogen energy economy and emphasize the growing return
margines of clean energy or clean mobility assets.
Finally, chief science representation brings the arguments why
energy sustainability without hydrogen is irrational.
Two: The International Hydrogen Technologies Day
Along the lines of TES – The Future Fuel Energy Strategy the
complete hydrogen energy conversion chain will be covered link by link.
The petroleum industry and the technical gases industry describe
their provisions to produce hydrogen, store it, transport it, and deliver
it to the customer, securely and safely.
The energy industry brings their objectives of designing and
operating virtuel power stations utilizing hydrogen. Here, the fuel cell
will be at the forefront.
The automotive industry tells us which fuel to utilize on board,
which corverter to be prefered, with or without on board reforming.
Science representation puts hydrogen into the context of the 2. Law
of Thermodynamics, argues in terms of eco-efficiences, and describes
optimized hydrogen introduction schemes, timely, financially, commercially,
and socially -
in short, sustainably.
Hydrogen Energy Economy Actions Day
Three workshops draft, design, and agree upon actions to be taken
nationally and internationally, entrepreneurially, and in R, D &D to
be submitted to national and international bodies.
The HYFORUM 2003 grand finale concludes the meeting with a round
table where the heads of the workshops put their findings on the hydrogen
energy economy actions together, for documentation, publication, and
If the hydrogen energy economy comes true eventually, profitable
clean energy utilities and profitable clean mobility markets will be in
operation which utilizes an energy carrier which is of light weight, uses
for its production common fossil fuels with sequestration of co-produced
CO2 or, on the long run, the light of the sun (and other renewable sources),
lightens the burden on environment and climate, and sheds light into the
sustainable energy and mobility future: The era-of-light.
Organisational Scheme of HYFORUM 2003
The President of the IAHE is the Honorary Chairman
The German Federal Chancellor and his colleague
from the host country are the Patrons.
An international Honorary Board and an
international Programme Committee will be formed.
The Science Programme Chair takes the general
responsibility; it consists of one high ranking representative of the
major entities concerned, automaking, petroleum industry, banking, and the
Vice-President of the IAHE as the HYFORUM coordinator.
The Forum fuer Zukunftsenergien, Berlin will be
awarded the management and organization contract; it will be supported by
a local organizer of the host country.
The Forum fuer Zukunftsenergien is asked to submit
the HYFORUM 2003 financial plan, the sponsoring scheme, and the time
schedule in a “HYFORUM 2003 Business Plan”.